Potential complications – vein surgery?
Any surgery involves risk, and may become serious or life threatening in some instances. These complications can develop during or after the surgery. The risk of potential complications pre or post surgery can be greatly reduced by following the treatment plan provided to you.
The risks of vein surgery include:
- Anesthesia reaction (allergic reaction) and problems with breathing
- Bleeding which may lead to shock
- Blood clots, most commonly in the form of deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Potential complications of varicose vein surgery:
- Change of skin color near removal area
- Damage to other veins
- Inflammation of the remaining vein or incision site
- Numbness near affected area
The risk of certain complications may be reduced by the follow treatment plan:
- Follow physical activity, dietary, and lifestyle restrictions provided by your doctor
- Avoid heavy lifting and strenuous exercises
- Inform your doctor or radiologist of a possible pregnancy
- Inform your doctor immediately of any bleeding, fever, pain increases, wound redness, swelling, or discharge
- Use medication and compression stockings as directed
- Inform health care team of any allergies present
Who Is A Good Candidate For Vein Surgery?
A dermatologist or vascular medicine specialist will evaluate your candidacy for sclerotherapy during your initial visit before the procedure.
Unless they have previously been determined to be unusable, veins that may one day be used for heart bypass surgery will typically not be considered for sclerotherapy.
How to prepare for varicose vein surgery
The following recommendations are given prior to surgery to improve comfort and outcome of surgery:
- Answer all questions regarding medical history and medications used including supplements
- Get preoperative tests as directed which will vary by age, health, and procedure type. These tests may include chest x-rays, EKGs, blood tests, etc.
- Losing excess weight before the procedure through proper diet and exercise
- Not eating or drinking as directed
- Avoid smoking as soon as possible. A few days of quitting can help the vessel healing process
- Taking and stopping medications as directed
Surgery can be stressful for patients to think about. Contact your doctor with any questions prior to surgery and even bring a list of questions or concerns to appointments. This list of questions may include the following:
- Why do I need varicose vein surgery? Are there any other options for treating my condition?
- What type of varicose vein surgery will I need?
- Where will my varicose vein surgery take place?
- How long will the procedure take? When can I go home?
- What restrictions will I have after the surgery? When can I return to work and other activities?
- What assistance will I need at home?
- How should I take my medications?
- How will you treat my pain?
- When should I follow up with you?
- How should I contact you? Ask for numbers to call during and after regular hours.