Causes of Varicose Veins

 

Causes of Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are a result of blood pooling in the veins (usually in the legs and ankles). Blood can pool in the legs when the veins don’t have the ability to push it back up to the lungs and heart. Veins lose their ability to properly move blood when their valves or walls become weak or damaged. In healthy veins, the valves keep the blood flowing efficiently in one direction against the force of gravity up toward the heart. However if these valves stop functioning properly, blood will pool in the legs. Pressure will build and the veins will weaken, become enlarged and twisted.

Some people may be genetically predisposed to acquire varicose or spider veins. If someone in your family has spider or varicose veins, then you are more likely to develop them too. There are a variety of other factors that play a role in the acquisition of varicose and spider veins. They include:

  • Being overweight
  • Diabetes
  • Hormone therapy 
  • Increased age 
  • Menopause
  • Pregnancy
  • Smoking
  • Standing or sitting for long periods of time

Many of the above conditions place increased pressure on the veins in the legs. Simple changes in lifestyle can play a role in warding off vein diseases. Exercising and maintaining a healthy diet are a good place to start. Even a small to moderate amount of exercise that targets the legs can reveal large health benefits. By moving your legs, you are flexing your muscles which helps the veins push the blood uphill to the heart. Take a few minutes every hour or two to get up and move.

Identifying Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are visibly enlarged veins that are most often seen on a person’s leg. The veins turn blue or purple and push on the skin, creating a bulge. The condition affects approximately 15% of men and 25% of women in the United States. Although they can appear anywhere along the length of the legs (from the ankle to the groin), they most frequently appear on the inside of the legs or on the rear of the calves. Spider veins are similar to varicose veins however they are smaller and appear closer to the skin.

How Varicose Veins Are Treated?

There are so many treatment options available for varicose veins and all of them are really effective, some of then include:

  1. Sclerotherapy

Sclerotherapy is considered as the best treatment for any kind of vein problem.

Whether you are suffering from spider veins or chronic venous insufficiency, all your veins need is some Sclerotherapy sessions.

Sclerotherapy is a minimally invasive treatment in which a doctor will inject your affected veins with a chemical solution.

This solution will collapse your veins and your blood will start flowing from the other veins.

You may feel a little pain and swelling in the treated area but it should go away.

Lastly, you will need more than one Sclerotherapy session but the results will be promising.

  1. Compression Therapy

Compression therapy is another great treatment for venous problems in which your doctor will provide you with compression stockings.

These are special type of clothes that are made to apply pressure on different type of body.

These are mostly used after surgeries but can be used for treatment of varicose veins too.

The stockings will apply pressure on your veins and help you reduce the swelling however, if you don’t see any changes then consider it as a time to try other treatments.

  1. Laser Treatment

Laser treatment can be a good option if you couldn’t get benefit from home remedies or other treatments.

In this surgery there is no needle or incisions are needed since a laser is used that closes all your veins.

Just like Sclerotherapy your blood will start flowing from other veins.

Furthermore, this can be a good option for those patients who want to avoid invasive treatments and experience less pain.

The treatment will be 30 to 60 minutes long, you can go home after the treatment but may need to deal with bruising which will go away in 2 weeks.

Categories: Uncategorized