Often referred to simply as RF, Radiofrequency Ablation is performed in an outpatient setting using only local anesthetic and only takes about an hour for the Vein Treatments. In the case of RF ablation the anesthesia doubles as part of the treatment.
To start, large quantities of anesthetic are pumped under the skin to surround the vein. This not only provides excellent pain control but also presses the blood out of the vein and against the catheter. This also protects the surrounding tissue from heat produced during treatment. “It’s a great little procedure,” says Dr. Giraldo. “It does exactly what it’s supposed to do and nothing else. That’s what you want in a minimally invasive procedure.”
Laser Ablation of Veins
Equally innovative techniques are now being used to treat spider veins. These small vein clusters are located directly beneath the skin, and respond extremely well to skin resurfacing lasers. The procedure is simple. The veins are exposed to high energy light and are destroyed just like any other pigmented skin blemish. Note that this is a permanent treatment. You may develop other spider veins, but the treated ones are gone for good.
For slightly larger veins sclerotherapy is the treatment of choice. A solution is injected into these tiny veins which purposely irritates them, most often a detergent or emulsifier. Before injection the solution is whipped into a foam to ensure maximum contact with the vein walls. Once inside the vein it heavily irritates the vein walls, causing them to close in on themselves. In a matter of weeks, the treated veins are reabsorbed. As with laser therapy this is a permanent treatment.
Surgical removal of veins
Another surprisingly low-tech procedure is also commonly used. When very large, twisting veins are located just beneath the skin’s surface it’s often easier to simply remove them. Only local anesthetics such as lidocaine are needed. Tiny incisions are made and the vein is extracted with a hooked surgical instrument. It isn’t nearly as bad as it sounds and overall it’s a quick and easy procedure. Scarring is very minimal or nonexistent.
Risks of Vein Treatment
All of this being said, how often do patients develop blood clots during or after these procedures? While blood clots are potentially dangerous they very rarely occur. When they do happen it’s usually in patients with very poor overall health. For the vast majority of patients these procedures are extremely safe.
How Long Does It Take For Varicose Veins To Disappear After Sclerotherapy?
The results of sclerotherapy depend on the size and number of veins you had. You suffered from small varicose veins or spider veins then results won’t take so long, your problem will be disappeared in just 3-4 weeks.
But if they were larger and more serious then it may take longer. Since larger veins usually take 2-3 months to disappear.
Your doctor may even recommend you more sclerotherapy sessions because sometimes only 1 session isn’t enough.
You need to have patience for a successful treatment and while waiting you should use these tips to improve your sclerotherapy results:
What To Avoid After Sclerotherapy
1. Hot Baths
After your sclerotherapy session make sure to not get any hot baths!
They can be dangerous to your veins since the heat from the hot water can swell up your veins which can result in blood pooling.
This may even increase your pain, therefore bathing with warm or normal water is fine.
Cold water is fine since it will shrink your veins and relieves pain but it shouldn’t be too cold or it may damage your vessels.
2. Exposure To Sunlight
Going out in sunlight is fine but if it’s too much then it can be really dangerous to your veins.
Too much exposure of sunlight will worsen your condition, the older veins may grow larger and some new varicose veins may also form.
This can be really painful and will make the sclerotherapy sessions useless so make sure to protect your skin from sunlight.
Especially if you have spider veins on face since ultraviolet rays are the most common cause of them!
Besides UV rays smoking is the leading cause of venous diseases on face, so if you still smoke you should quit now.
It will ruin your healing process and your face at the sane time which is why quitting smoking is the best option.
Will veins return after treatment?
But will my veins ever return? The treated ones simply can’t because they’re no longer there. According to Dr. Kavic, “if you’re genetically prone to have vein disease then smaller ones can certainly form. The same goes for pregnancy. But in reality, most patients who get this type of procedure remain relatively disease free.”